Thursday, 13 October 2016

Measure Of High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure measuring normally to follow this information.A pulse pressure is the difference between your systolic and diastolic pressures, most commonly seen as the two numbers that define your blood pressure (i.e. 120/80, respectively). The top number (the higher of the two values) is your systolic pressure and represents the pressure in your arteries when your heart delivers blood during a contraction (a heartbeat). The bottom number (the lower of the two values) is your diastolic pressure, and represents the pressure in your arteries between contractions (between heartbeats).

Measuring High Blood Pressure:

 This measurement can help to indicate whether you are at risk for cardiovascular problems and coronary events, such as stroke. The pulse pressure is determined from the two values (systolic and diastolic values) measured when your blood pressure is taken. That is to say, the difference between the top number and the bottom number of your blood pressure


Part
1
Taking Your Blood Pressure
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Take your blood pressure. Taking a traditional blood pressure measurement with a blood pressure cuff, stethoscope, and analog sphygmomanometer can take some practice and requires instruction and experience. Some people visit automated machines at their local pharmacy in order to get their blood pressure taken.
When purchasing an at-home blood pressure monitor, make sure that the cuff (what goes around your arm) fits you appropriately, that you can read the monitor easily, and that it is affordable. Many insurance plans will help pay for blood pressure monitoring machines. Most of these machines are automated. You simply put on the cuff, hit start and wait for your results.
Avoid sugars, caffeine, and excessive stress before taking your blood pressure. These three triggers will elevate your blood pressure and give you a false reading.
If you insist on taking your own blood pressure at home, do so three times in order to make sure that you are doing it right. Make sure that you are comfortably seated, relaxed, and have your arm at or near your heart level.
It is important to note that most machines need to be calibrated. In order to know if a device is accurate, it should be checked at the doctor's office once per year and compared to their blood pressure monitor for accuracy.

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Take note of the diastolic number and the systolic number. Say 110/68 is your blood pressure reading. It is a good idea to record these numbers somewhere so you can keep track of your blood pressure fluctuations.
Since your blood pressure can fluctuate throughout the day, you'll want to take multiple readings at different times throughout the day (over the course of two to three weeks for the most accuracy) and average these readings.
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Subtract your systolic number from your diastolic number to get your pulse pressure. In this example, you’d subtract 68 from 110. Your pulse pressure would be 42.

Part
2
Interpreting Your Results
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Determine if your pulse pressure is at a safe range. While people of different ages and sexes will have slightly different pulse pressures, the medical world has settled on a base scale.
40 mmHg- A pulse pressure of 40 is considered normal, but 40 to 60 is a relatively healthy range.
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Call a doctor if your pulse pressure is over 60 mmHg. A pulse pressure above 60 is considered to be a risk factor for cardiovascular events, such as stroke, and general cardiovascular issues like hypertension. A higher pulse pressure can mean your heart valves are not functioning properly to prevent backflow of blood and your heart may not be effectively pumping blood forward (valve regurgitation).
Isolated systolic hypertension arises when your systolic blood pressure rises above 140 and your diastolic stays relatively the same (below 90 mmHg). There are many medications that your doctor can prescribe to help with this condition.
Oftentimes emotional and physical stress can cause significant increases in pulse pressure as well. Stress can cause significant increases in pulse pressure.


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Contact your physician if your pulse pressure is lower than 40 mmHg. A pulse pressure below 40 may indicate poor functioning of your heart. Several conditions can cause this problem.
Aortic regurgitation occurs when there is an issue with the aortic valve, which results from the backflow of blood into the left ventricle. This will decrease your diastolic pressure. If you have this condition, surgery will be necessary.[9]
Heart failure, renal failure, diabetes mellitus and low levels of plasma sodium can all cause low blood pressure.[10] Consult your physician for a specific diagnosis.

Pulse Rate Calculator

 The risk calculator below uses research data from the Strong Heart Study (Citation: Wang et al. Hypertension. 2006;47:403-409 ) to estimate the risk for a non-hypertensive person to develop hypertension in the next 4 years. It is designed for American Indians of age 35 and older. This calculator is not intended for clinicians but rather serves as a tool for research and community planning. To find your estimated risk, enter your information in the calculator below. Definitions and descriptions of some terms in the calculator are provided at the bottom of the calculator.

Pulse Rate Calculate Of High Blood Pressure:

Measure your blood pressure regularly. It is quick and painless, and it is the only way to know whether your pressure is high. You can check your blood pressure at a doctor's office, at a pharmacy, or at home.

How Blood Pressure is Measured

First, a doctor or other health professional wraps a special cuff around your arm. The cuff has a gauge on it that will read your blood pressure. The doctor then inflates the cuff to squeeze your arm.

After the cuff is inflated, the doctor will slowly let air out. While doing this, he or she will listen to your pulse with a stethoscope and watch the gauge. The gauge uses a scale called "millimeters of mercury” (mmHg) to measure the pressure in your blood vessels.

Another option is to get a blood pressure measurement from the machines available at many pharmacies. There are also home monitoring devices for blood pressure that you can use yourself. Learn more about self-measured blood pressure monitoring[PDF-1M].

What Blood Pressure Numbers Mean

Blood pressure is measured using two numbers. The first number, called systolic blood pressure, measures the pressure in your blood vessels when your heart beats. The second number, called diastolic blood pressure, measures the pressure in your blood vessels when your heart rests between beats.

If the measurement reads 120 systolic and 80 diastolic, you would say "120 over 80" or write "120/80 mmHg."


The chart below shows normal, at-risk, and high blood pressure levels. A blood pressure less than 120/80 mmHg is normal. A blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg or more is too high. People with levels in between 120/80 and 140/90 have a condition called prehypertension, which means they are at high risk for high blood pressure.